India’s rich history is a well-known fact across the world. So much so that it’s underlying luxury has influenced various styles of jewellery globally, including modern and contemporary. It is noteworthy that Indian jewellery goes back to almost 5000 years. Dating back to the pre-historic times, people in India have had the inclination towards adorning themselves with jewellery. Gold, silver, stones, gems, etc., were significant aspects of Indian jewellery. Jewellery styles differ in accordance to various states. Each region has its own unique character and flair.
Beginning with Filigree, the word is originally derived from Latin “filum” meaning thread and “granum” grain, in the sense of small bead. In India this art work is popular across Odisha. Locally it is known as ‘Tarakasi’. According to the procedure, the first step is draw wires from pure silver by hammering. Further, the two thinnest wires are heated and wound around a rotating machine, known as the ‘Charkah’. The beating process is again repeated to make one single wire out of the faltered sheet. The final wire is used to create beautiful jewellery.
Moving on to Terracotta Jewellery, this art form can be traced back to the Indus Valley Civilization in Mohenjo-Daro (3000-1500 BC). This craft continues to thrive in India. Potters and Craftsmen in India acquired the skill of creating terracotta products from their forefathers to carry forth the legacy of this art. The word Terracotta literally means ‘baked earth’.
Creating terracotta is a labour intensive process. Beginning with making the clay to moulding it in the required shape and finally baking it under the sun it is a long process. Once the drying process is completed the terracotta jewellery items are glazed for a lustrous appearance.
Moving south across, ‘Bidri’ is a popular jewellery art form. The craft derives its name from its place of origin i.e. Bidar a small village in Karnataka. It is generally manufactured using an alloy of 94% zinc and 6% copper. The craft has a complicated manufacturing process. Raging from sand crafting, filling, engraving and oxidation.
Semi-precious stones or Gemstones have long charmed the human population. Studded between expensive metals such as gold and platinum or contemporary metals such as silver and bronze, the craft of stone jewellery has a long history. Ranging from spiritual to health, stone jewellery has become an integral part of the Indian lifestyle.
Indian jewellery is unique in its design and patterns. The range of jewellery in India varies from religious to purely aesthetic. Indian jewellery is the perfect blend of History and Master Craftsmanship.